Whole School Positive Behaviour Policy
At Manor Green Primary School we believe that:
- Pupils want to believe well
- Pupils can learn to improve their behaviour
- All adults can learn strategies to support pupils to improve their behaviour
We adults can support out pupils by:
- The quality of our relationships with each other and them
- The quality of our teaching
- Practical strategies
Practical strategies consists of:
- Rights and responsibilities
- The language of choice
- Descriptive praise
KEY BELIEFS EXPLAINED
At Manor Green Primary School we believe that:
- Pupils want to behave well. We believe that our pupils are happy when they behave well and when that behaviour is recognised by adults and their peers
- Pupils can learn to improve their behaviour. Our pupils find learning difficult. Learning new behaviour I a task, just like learning to read or write
- Behaviour is a form of communication. We believe that behaviour is an act of communication at a level that is meaningful to the child. At all times we will ensure that we observe and consider the potential underlying causes of the behaviour a pupil is exhibiting so that we can best understand it before intervening.
- All adults can learn strategies to support pupils to improve their behaviour. Most adults have evolved ways of dealing with children’s behaviour often based on their experience of being parented or parenting. In most cases, these are either a barrier or not sufficiently thought through to be helpful in addressing the sometimes challenging behaviour of our pupils. Developing an understanding of why children behave as they do, a positive attitude to the child and his/her behaviour and effective strategies for managing that behaviour is a core requirement of the job. It requires a real commitment to ongoing professional development
We can support our pupils by:
The quality of our relationships with each other and them
- Our relationships with each other. We need to provide good models of behaviour at all times for our pupils, some of whom may have less helpful relationship models in life outside of school.
- The quality of our relationships with our pupils. These relationships are crucial. Each adult is a significant adult for or pupils.
To foster successful, enabling relationships we need to:
- Actively build trust and rapport
- Demonstrate belief in the pupil that they can succeed
- Treat the pupil with dignity and respect at all times
- Maintain consistent boundaries for pupils
- Be definite in our responses. Do not offer “maybe” or “we’ll see” as this can cause mistrust and anxiety
- Listen respectfully to the pupil and make a judgement about how/when to respond
- Hear the message behind the word/behaviour; ask ourselves why the pupil is behaving in this way
- Keep our word and do whatever we say we will do, rewards as well as consequences
- Identify the positive aspects in every pupil. Identify it with the child and build on it
- Apologise if we make a mistake
- Name and manage our own emotional reactions to pupils behaviour i.e. demonstrate emotionally intelligent behaviour at all times
- Let go of our memory/feelings of a pupil’s previous difficult behaviour. Support the child to develop techniques to respond more appropriately
THE QUALITY OF THE TEACHING WE PROVIDE
In meeting each child at the point of learning, difficult behaviour is likely to decrease.
To do this we need to:
- Accurately assess the pupils learning e.g. learning ability, learning style and level of achievement in order to support them to progress
- Plan to meet the pupils range of needs e.g. environment, equipment, seating, groupings, use of SSA’s
- Know what the pupils believe they can do i.e. self esteem, self image and adjust expectations accordingly
- Know what motivates each pupil and use it to help him/her achieve
- Praise the pupils for their specific achievements
- Actively teach the pupils positive learning behaviours so that they know what to do to ensure successful lessons
PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTING POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR
“….Good behaviour is enabled and encouraged if the general community of the school is calm, well ordered and disciplined.” Harris 1995
We use a variety of responses to re-enforce good behaviour and these include:
- Supporting the pupil to develop effective mechanisms to communicate their needs, feelings etc. and in ensuing we respond effectively to their communicative attempts
- Verbal praise, supported by signs/symbols when appropriate
- Good work stickers from class staff, Head teacher or Deputy Head
- Messages to parents/carers and other members of staff
- Special responsibilities, privileges, helping a member of staff etc
- Star of the Week and merit prizes
- Rewards such as favourite toys and games, sweets, snacks and other special meals
- ‘Working for…’ systems and visual timetables
- Earning of token rewards in various forms – these are to be accrued and not removed, as at Manor Green we recognise the impact this has on the emotional responses of the child
Other practical arrangements which are considered;
- The presence of simple routines and structures that give pupils the confidence of knowing what is expected of them and what is going to happen next, including use of visual timetable
- Careful use of timetabling to manage ‘difficult’ times, including all staff being fully aware of the potential ‘triggers’ for inappropriate behaviour
- Use of grouping arrangements to ensure appropriate activities for all pupils, particularly at unstructured times – break times/lunch times etc
- Use of positive behaviour systems on a whole class level and/or specific to a child (eg behaviour smiley face chart, traffic light system, cloud system etc)
- Each class is provided with ‘Positive Behaviour in the Classroom’ guidance with training and support to implement
In order to support our pupils to manage their own behaviour successfully we ensure that the following are upheld:
All our pupils have a right to:
- Learn and to make demonstrable progress
- Feel physically and emotionally safe at all times
- Be treated with respect and dignity at all times
- Express their feelings in an appropriate way
All our staff have a right to:
- Teach without undue disruption
- Learn how to improve their practice
- Feel physically and emotionally safe at all times
- Be treated with dignity and respect at all times
- Express their feelings in an appropriate way
Rules support positive behaviour. They should be:
- Few in number
- Agreed with pupils
- Written in a language the pupils can understand (including visual cues)
- Be stated in the positive
- Regularly referred to by all staff with pupils
- Regularly reviewed with the pupils during Circle Time
- Prominently displayed in appropriate areas
- Appropriate to the activity/place/age range
Routines support our pupils by fixing desired behaviours in their minds.
- The greater consistency there is over routines, the easier it is for pupils to follow them throughout the day
The language of choice. We actively encourage pupils to choose the right thing to do, by explaining the consequences of their choices, both positive and negative. We link consequences to the choices they make to help them to make the best choice.
- Is positive
- Increases pupils’ sense of responsibility
- Removes the struggle for power and control
- Overtly links responsibility, choice and consequence
- Helps them to take responsibility
- Helps them to develop skills to manage their own behaviour
- Increases their independence
Rewards and Consequences
- Are part of the ‘language’ in this school
- Are linked to positive choices and achievements and focus on the specific behaviours we wish to improve.
- We believe in consequences rather than punishment
- It is important for our pupils to clearly link a specific behaviour with its consequence
- The consequence needs to be a natural consequence which makes sense to the child
USE OF DIGNIFIED LANGUAGE
We believe that it is important to use appropriate terminology to describe when a child may have lost the ability to control their own behaviour. Terms such as ‘kicked off’, ‘melt-down’ etc should not be used as they imply negative connotations about the pupils.
POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR PLANS
The majority of pupils at Manor Green primary respond positively when staff work within these guidelines. A small percentage of our pupils need additional support to improve their behaviour. The cause of the behaviour may be explainable and transitory in nature or may be deep seated and could more fundamentally be a feature of their specific disability.
Additional support is provided by:
- Working in line with this policy
- Behaviour strategy support from the behaviour team
- The development of Positive Behaviour Plan, detailing action to be taken when identified behaviour occurs. This is shared with the pupil, parent and other staff to ensure consistent approaches.
- Behaviour Plans must be agreed and signed by parents/carers. All behaviour plans must be reviewed each term, read and signed. If signification changes or additions are made to a plan, discussion must be held with parents/carers to discuss the issues and potential strategies.
- Pupil Centred Behaviour Plans are developed for those children where it is meaningful and appropriate
- Input from Parent/TAC
- Considerations toward changing the class group, input from all supporting adults or varying the classroom management
Within the context of teaching pupils in a school such as ours, our pupils require physical contact in the process of learning and in meeting their needs. The style of our relationships with pupils requires a degree of physical contact:
- Many of our pupils require physical prompts to enable them to experience and learn new skills and concepts
- In our behaviour management plans, we may need to have physical contact to calm a pupil and to keep them safe
- Acceptable ways of comforting pupils will vary from individual to individual and will depend on age, culture, gender and maturity
- Physical contact is necessary to maintain personal hygiene or administer medication e.g. epilepsy medication
Restrictive practice is the positive application of sufficient force to ensure, by physical means alone, that a pupil does not cause injury either to themselves, a member of staff, another pupil or property.
- Should only be used after all other preventative interventions have been exhausted
- Be implemented only by staff who have had the recognised Team Teach training, which is up to date
- Should only be used if the pupil is putting themselves or others in danger or where failure to intervene would constitute neglect and disruption.
Staff trained in Team Teach must judge whether or not a physical intervention would be reasonable or proportionate:
- Where there is a risk to the safety of staff, children or visitors
- Where there is a risk of serious damage to property
- Where a child’s behaviour is seriously prejudicial to good order and discipline
- Where a child is committing a criminal offense
All physical restraint must be recorded on the incident forms held in each class and forwarded to the behaviour team. Where holding/restraining is part of a pre-planned behaviour management strategy, it should be carried out with the consent of the pupil’s parents/carers and must be clearly recorded as mart of the pupils positive behaviour plan which should make specific reference to any potential use of restraint.
Where physical restraint is used in an urgent/emergency situation, parents/carers must be informed immediately and a positive behaviour plan be put into place which is agreed by the parent/carer
Manor Green Primary School uses 2 calming rooms to support children experiencing behaviour which presents a significant challenge.
Removal to a withdrawal room is a recognised strategy used within the range of restrictive practice. At Manor Green, we believe that the use of our calming rooms by pupils should be in a proportion to the consequences it intends to prevent.
The 2010 Guidance, referring to the 2002 Guidance principal states;
The use of seclusion (where a person is forced to spend time on their own against their will) is a form of physical intervention and should only be considered in exceptional circumstances. The right to liberty is protected by criminal and civil law and seclusion outside the Mental Health Act should always be proportionate to the risk presented by the pupil.
The calming rooms should NOT be used as a sanction and must only be used in ‘exceptional’ circumstances. These circumstances can be defined as:
- The pupil’s behaviour being so persistent and targeted that the only way to maintain their safety and that of others is to remove them to a place where risk can be reduced and the individual supported
- This is done when, despite a high staff to pupil ratio, it is not possible to avoid injury
- The calming rooms are used as a remedy of last resort when a team of highly trained staff can no longer maintain a safe environment
- Use of the calming room MUST be reported and recorded. Reports are presented to the Governors of Manor Green Primary School
It is essential that children are observed at ALL times whilst using the calming room and that, if possible and safe to do so, the door is open to a degree. The length of seclusion is largely dependent on the level of risk being presented by the pupil. Seclusion preferably should be for no more than 10 minutes, however, some pupils at Manor Green can demonstrate behaviour which presents as significant aggression and violence and therefore present a heightened risk of significant injury to themselves or others. Period of seclusion MUST be documented with clear detail as to the reasons why this was necessary.
At Manor Green Primary we employ the use of a Safe Space, a multi-purpose environment that can be used as a therapy and sensory space for pupils with complex needs. It can be used as a ‘chill out’ space in order to provide a low stimulation area for pupils to cam and to support self-regulation.
In certain situations it may be appropriate to move a pupil to the safe space in order to support them to be safe when their behaviour becomes challenging and unsafe. At no time should a pupil be left unsupervised whilst using the space and they must be observed at all times. The use of the safe space must only be used as part of an agreed positive behaviour plan with specific strategies detailed in its use. Use of the safe space in this way must be recorded as detailed in the policy advice on ‘seclusion’.
All staff must be aware that they must not:
- Use force as punishment as this action would fall within the definition of corporal punishment which has been abolished
- Use pain to gain compliance
- Deprive a pupil of food or drink
- Require the person to wear inappropriate clothing
- Humiliate/degrade a pupil
Short term fixed exclusions will be put into effect if:
- There have been a series of serious violent incidents which put staff and children at risk
- There has been one serious incident which, in itself, is deemed serious enough
- The resources and staffing cannot meet the needs of the child to keep the child and those around them safe
The pupil will be reintroduced to school following a meeting with the child and their parent/carer and a plan agreed. This could include a gradual reintroduction on a reduced timetable.
West Sussex guidelines will be followed in respect of all fixed term or permanent exclusions.
Bullying is not tolerated at Manor Green Primary School. As pupils in the school are always supervised, it is unlikely that bullying would go unnoticed. However, any reported incidents or evidence of bullying will be treated very seriously. Each case will be dealt with on an individual basis and all individuals involved will be given appropriate support and guidance. Parents/carers of the individuals involved will be kept fully informed of the events and may be invited to take part in the investigation and any follow -up work. Where necessary the Designated Safeguarding Officer will be informed of the incident/ces and Safeguarding procedures followed as outlined in the Safeguarding policy.
If cyber-bullying is suspected or reported it should be dealt with using the same procedures as this policy outlines for bullying. Any case of cyber-bullying must be reported to the Designated Safeguarding Lead as soon as possible. An online safety incident report must also be completed and submitted to the Head teacher. These forms are available at the school reception or on our website on the e-Safety page. We appreciate that cyber bullying can occur outside of school and Manor Green Primary will do all it can to help and support any pupil and families to resolve the issue.
Please refer to Manor Green Primary Anti-Bullying Policy
Racist incidences will not be tolerated at Manor Green Primary School and will be dealt with in line with the Race equality Policy. All incidences of racism will be reported to the Head teacher who will inform the Governors.
All staff at Manor Green Primary MUST read, sign and follow the Child Protection Policy. Staff must immediately report any cause for concern to the designated safeguarding officer. Action may include involvement of parents, Social Services, the police, medical services or an assessment by the Educational Psychologist.
Corporal punishment is illegal and will never be used at manor Green Primary School.
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
At Manor Green Primary School, we all have a responsibility to:
- Read this policy
- Understand it
- Ensure that our practice is in line with it
- Be proactive in implementing it
- Continually seek to further improve our behaviour management skills
Class teachers are responsible to ensure:
- Quality of teaching and learning in the classroom is inclusive and ensures appropriate differentiation
- Classroom climate ensures the pupils feel emotionally and physically safe
- Best planned use of SSA’s and other resources to support learning and behaviour
- Advise and support other staff (SSA’s) on effective behaviour strategies, including behaviour plans for particular pupils
- Keep succinct, detailed records of incidents/improvements to monitor progress and to establish patterns
- Develop positive relationships with parents/carers to support pupil behaviour
Special Support Assistants (SSA’s) are responsible:
- To keep records of incidents
- To support the teacher with teaching and behaviour management at all times
- To support the children with learning and positive behaviour at all times
- To support the development and maintenance of a positive classroom climate
- To help pupils to manage their behaviour positively in the playground
Senior Leadership Team
SLT are responsible:
- To support teachers and teaching assistants to manage behaviour effectively through continuing professional development
- To support comprehensive risk assessments where a pupils behaviour presents a significant challenge
- To support pupils to understand the schools approach to behaviour management
- To support parents/carers to understand the schools approach to behaviour management and with positive behaviour management techniques
Governors are expected to:
- Approve the schools policy
- Support the school with its implementation
- Hear the case for fixed term/permanent exclusions and to decide on the appropriate course of action
Parents/Carers are expected to:
- Support the schools approach to positive behaviour management, in line with this policy
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
In order to further improve practice;
- All staff will be trained in Team Teach and the training will be kept up to date
- Regular INSET on positive behaviour strategies
- Training for teachers and class teams in order to implement an agreed strategy
HEALTH AND SAFETY
Managing pupils, especially those who exhibit behaviour that presents a significant challenge is physically, emotionally and psychologically demanding. Pupils demonstrating such behaviour can engender high levels of stress which must be recognised and managed appropriately. Class teams are the first point of support with effective team discussion playing a major part in reducing anxiety and stress.
All incidents of violence are logged using official forms. The school has a clear policy for the reporting of incidents at different levels and all restraints are recorded. The Head teacher and Behaviour lead monitor these on a regular basis to inform behaviour management strategies and to monitor the wellbeing of both pupils and staff. The required information and/or duplicate forms will be sent to the Health and Safety Department at West Sussex County Council.
All incident forms are evaluated and audited. Results of auditing are passed to the Behaviour lead and then to Governors each term. Actions are reviewed, reflected upon and evaluated.
Parent and carer workshops are held throughout the year and focus on specific areas of behaviour and how it interrelates with communication. Parent strategy sessions are held for those parents that require additional support to better meet their childs behaviour needs in the home. Sometimes, one session is enough, however parents can be offered several meetings to develop specific strategies. Initial meetings are always held with the class teacher to ensure they are aware of the issues at home and so they can provide a positive insight as to how their child is supported in school
Policy to be reviewed September 2021